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The Camden Red Cross sewing circles

Founded 1914. Supported Australian troops in two world wars

About The Camden Red Cross sewing circles

The Camden wartime sewing circles played a vital role on the home front during First and Second World Wars. These collaborative ‘working bees’ attracted local women from across the district who were able to use their skills to manufacture clothing and supplies for the war effort.

As bloody conflicts raged thousands of kilometres away, women got together to sew or knit items such as shirts, pyjamas, mittens and medical supplies.


  • Street address:Camden Library 40 John St, Camden, 2570
  • Traditional name:Camden is on the land of the Dharawal people


  • Wheelchair accessible


  • Community and philanthropy
  • Wartime

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A group of local women from the Camden Red Cross sewing circle. While some are spinning yarn for knitting socks, others knit and sew articles of clothing for injured troops. Taken circa 1917, photographer unknown.
Women from the Camden Red Cross sewing circle at work around 1917 . Image courtesy of Camden Historical Society

The genesis of the Red Cross sewing circle in Camden

Local women founded a Red Cross branch in Camden soon after war broke out in Europe in August 1914. A sewing circle began shortly afterwards, at which between 80 and 100 women would gather every Tuesday.

Volunteer members worked together to produce articles for injured troops, raise funds and solicit community donations towards the sewing efforts. This helped the branch meet the cost of purchasing materials and equipment.

The Camden sewing circle’s output during the First World War was remarkable. At every meeting sewing machines whirred constantly, some women stitching while others cut fabric.

Prolific output

By the end of the first week in September 1914, the women had produced 90 pairs of pyjamas, 53 flannel shirts, 55 kit bags and 75 handkerchiefs.

The sewing circle also acted as a collection centre for woollen socks knitted by district women. They worked hard to keep up with the constant demand. In the wet and muddy trenches on the Western Front socks soon rotted through. Unless replaced regularly, this led to the dreaded problem of ‘trench foot’.

Spinning wheels came into use towards the end of the war as the cost of wool soared forcing the women to spin their own yarn.

Altogether, Camden’s sewing circle produced more than 20,300 articles in 40,000 volunteer hours during the war.

Branch members also organised concerts, bazaars, garden parties and other community events to raise funds for Red Cross causes.

A rise (and fall) in numbers

By 1918, the sewing circle had grown too big for the space. More generous quarters were found at Foresters’ Hall in nearby Argyle Street, but branch membership numbers fell when the war ended.

The Camden sewing circle closed in September 1919, although its members continued to fundraise, take part in community events and support the agenda of the national Red Cross.

Picking the needles up again

When the Second World War was declared on 1 September 1939, branch members quickly reconvened to restart their knitting and sewing efforts. Once again, Camden sewing circle meetings were held regularly, right up until August 1946, when the circle disbanded.

Between 1940 and 1946, in addition to their fundraising efforts, the women of the Camden Red Cross made more than 25,000 articles of clothing in 45,000 hours of volunteering (that’s the equivalent of 1,875 days or just over 5 years) – a selfless contribution during some of the darkest times in Australia’s history.

References and further reading

Camden Historical Society

Camden Museum Red Cross Exhibition

The patriotism of the wartime sock knitter

Location map